Sam and I went yesterday and bought all our materials. We made a couple of changes to our storyboard, moving around the sequence and responding to critique. Taylor and Kidwell suggested that we dress up the main character in playful costumes in order to keep children engaged. So, we decided to buy some costumes for the history section of the video which includes multiple costumes: a caveman, an Ancient Egyptian, an ancient Greek and a Renaissance woman. Now we have all our props and our script is completed. During class today, we filmed a couple of shots of Allyson and will reshoot where needed.

Script

Narrator: This is Allyson.Allyson waves

Narrator: In this video, you will learn how to tell time in _____ minutes. She will be your guide throughout this film.

music beginsblank screen with text “How to Tell Time”

Narrator: Since the dino-ages, there have been many different ways of telling time: people have used…the moon and starsAllyson dressed as cave-man, stars moving in stop-motion the backgroundtext saying: “the astronomical clock”

the sun and the shadows it makesAllyson dressed as Greek/Roman with the light moving around her (shadow moving on her face)text saying: “the sundial”

waterAllyson dressed as an Egyptian, holding a clepsydra, pyramid behind hertext saying: “the clepsydra”

sandAllyson dressed as middle-age woman from Europe, holding an hourglasstext saying: “the hourglass”

and gravity.Allyson dressed as Galileo, pendulum movingCamera zooms up to her hand with something swinging

Narrator: Today, we use the analog clock and the digital clock.Shot of just the analog clock and the digital clock, bird’s-eye view

Narrator: Let’s begin by learning the names of different times of a day.full screen with breakfastNarrator: In the morning, Allyson wakes up and eats breakfast.Stop-motion, cut-out paper breakfast (eggs, bacon, waffles) which disappearstext “morning”

Narrator: In the afternoon, Allyson eats lunch.Split screen added - Stop-motion sandwich and chips. Bite taken out of sandwichtext “afternoon”

Narrator: In the evening, Allyson eats dinner and then goes to sleep.Another screen added - cuts steaktext “evening”

Narrator: Morning, afternoon and evening make up one day. Each day is measured by time, which is read on a clock.Allyson makes a one with her finger

Narrator: Like your body, a clock has different parts.blank screen saying “Parts of a Clock”

Narrator: This is called the faceLarge circle behind Allyson fades in. Allyson goes into starfish positiontext saying “face”

Narrator: These are called the tick marks.Tick marks are highlighted and can hear the ticking sound in background. A long line moves on to next tick mark for each second. (~4 seconds)Narrator: One Mississippi, Two Mississippi, Three….These represent both seconds and minutes.have a visual of the seconds hand and minute hand moving.

Narrator: Numbers 1 through 12 go around the face of the clock.Numbers fade in one by one, clock-wise

Allyson puts both hands down. Moves right hand and makes it shorter, pointing to the 12 o’clock position.Narrator: This is called the hour hand. It points to what hour it is.

Allyson puts her other hand at the 12 o’clock position, and stretches itNarrator: This is called the minute hand. It points to what minute it is. Remember that one tick mark is a minute.

blank screen with text saying “Review”Narrator: Time for a review.Tick sound for each second, each reviewing a part of a clockface, tick marks, numbers for hours, hour hand, minute hand

Narrator: Let’s go into some important conversionsprofile of Allyson’s face with all the conversionstext says “60 seconds = 1 minute, 60 minutes = 1 hour, 24 hours = 1 day”Narrator: Just remember that seconds move the quickest, minutes are a little slower, and hours move the slowest.

Narrator: It’s time to put it all together!blank screen “putting it all together”

Narrator: Let’s start with just the hours.When Allyson puts the hour hand at 2, and the minute hand at 12, it is 2 o’clock.Allyson positions her hands at 2 o’clock

One full rotation of the minute hand starting from the 12 is one hour.It is now 3 o’clock.

What time is it after another rotation?

It is 4 o’clock

Now let’s learn about the minutes.Imagine that the clock is a pie. Divide it into 12 equal slices.Each slice is like 5 minutes on a clock.Ticks appear one by one on a sliceSecond hand is moving while ticks appear5, 10, 15, 20… - 60

Think of 12 as zero, the starting point. Start counting to the right of the 12.This is 4:01. This is 4:02. --03--04--

What minute are we on now?

It is 4:05

With the hour hand at 6 and the minute hand here, what’s the time?(6:20)Let’s find out the minutes together. Remember that you start at the top (highlight 12). 5, 10, 15, 20.It is 6:20

Let’s try another one.With the hour hand at 9 and the minute hand here, what’s the time?(9:37)5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35...36...37.

Narrator: As you know, there are 24 hours in a day.bring back conversion table on the side

On a clock, you can only measure 12 hours at a time.The first rotation is known as AM.Allyson moving her hands: show a visual of AM starting at midnight, light changing - gradientMasking - reveals itself from 12.

The second rotation is PM.Allyson moving her hands: show a visual of clock at noon, gradient changesMasking - reveals itself from 12.

blank screen saying “How to Write Time”Narrator: Now that you’ve learned how to tell time, let’s learn how to write it.

First determine the hour, then the minutes, then if it’s AM or PM. Hours always go before minutes. They are separated by two dots known as a colon.

If it is 4:25 PM, this is how you write it.

You can also spell it out.

If it is exactly at the hour, you can either have o’clock follow the hour or two zeros.5 o’clock / 5:00

Narrator: Let’s go back to the clock as a pie.Blank screen saying “How to verbalize time”If you cut the pie in half, you use the word “past” after the hour and before the minutes. After it reaches the halfway point, you count the minutes to the hour and you use the word “to” instead of “past.”

Let’s give some examples.

If the hour hand is at 9, and the minute hand is here, it is 5 past 9.If the hour hand is at 9, and the minute hand is here, it is 10 past 9.If the hour hand is at 9, and the minute hand is here, it is 20 past 9.If the minute hand moves here, it is 20 to 10.If the minute hand moves here, it is 10 to 10.If the minute hand moves here, it is 5 to 10.

REVIEWrandom time on analog clock, on the side have it written out in digital formNarrator: Now it’s your turn.What’s the time?How do you write it?How do you say it?

Let’s try another one.

Narrator: Good job! You have now mastered the analog clock. Keep practicing!Allyson waves goodbyeAllyson takes out her hand with a watch.(benefits bulleted list at any point in video)

Storyboards

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